City Farming

Introduction

Getting Started

Crops

Dealing w/ Pest

Organic Insect Spray

Composting

Hydroponics

Sourcing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

DEALING WITH PEST

We recommend using natural and organic ways to control pests and diseases.  Not only it is better for our environment but it is better for our children and ourselves too.  It is also cheaper.  Natural pest controls is encouraging our pests' natural predators to take residence in our container garden and rid our garden of pests we hate.

 

Chemical pesticides kill not only our pests but also beneficial insects that may help us control these pests.  Also we recommend using companion planting to encourage beneficial insects and to discourage pests from eating and destroying our crops.  Companion planting means that there are some plants when planted beside other plants, discourage or confuse the common insect pests that are attracted to these main crops.

However, there are times when we have to resort to scientific methods of chemical pest and disease control.  If your plants are very sick due to intensive pest infestation, the best recourse is to make use of chemical pesticides.  Fungal diseases which lead to plant rot may also be controlled with chemical fungicide.  But if the plant does not improve with use of fungicides, you should just uproot it and burn the plant to prevent the spread of the fungal disease.

 

Common Pests and Diseases of Fruits and Vegetables

PEST

PICTURE

WHAT THEY DO

HOW TO SOLVE

Aphids

  

They suck plant sap, distorting leaves and stems and transmitting various diseases

Try rubbing the insects off with your fingers or hose them off with water.  Spray plants with insecticidal soap.

 

 

 

 

Caterpillars

  

They feed on plant roots or plant stems and leaves.

Pick off the eggs, larvae or pupae of the caterpillar and crush them underfoot.

 

 

 

 

Cutworms

They feed at the base of plants during the day cutting them off at soil level.

Hoe up the area about one meter from affected plants and expose the grubs.  Pick off and destroy.  Make a cardboard or aluminum foil collar to encircle plant stem and set 2.5cm deep into soil.

 

 

 

 

Leafhoppers

Small active insects that feed on plant sap causing a brownish burn on the tips of the leaves

Use insecticide at the recommended dosage of the manufacturer.  Spray as soon as infestation occurs.  Repeat at 7 to 14 days interval.

 

 

 

 

Leafminer

They are immature stages of flies, wasps, beetles or moths.  The larvae make winding or large botch mines on the foliage of plants.

Pick off and destroy infected leaves.  Spray with insecticide when sign of infestation is observed at the vegetative stage.

 

 

 

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Copyright 2009 City Farming Philippines
Last modified: February 16, 2009